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Kronologi Konflik Timur Tengah

New Release 2013

Prahara Suriah

New Release (2013)

"journey to iran"
"doktor cilik"
"princess nadeera"
"doktor cilik"
ahmadinejad

Kronologi ini saya copas dari buku Conflicts in the Middle East
since 1945, Beverley Milton-Edwards and Peter Hinchcliffe

1945 End of Second World War.
1946 Lebanon achieves full independence from France.
1947 (November) UN adopts Partition Plan for Palestine.
1948 (May) The outbreak of the first Arab–Israeli war and birth of the
Palestinian refugee issue.
1950 Jordan annexes the West Bank.
1951 (July) King Abdullah of Jordan assassinated at the Temple Mount in
Jerusalem.
1952 Free Officer Coup in Egypt. Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes President
in 1954.
1956 (October) Suez crisis following nationalization, brings Britain, France
and Israel into military confrontation with Egypt.
1957 (January) Eisenhower Doctrine issued by US government.
1958 US marines land in Beirut at request of President Chamoun following
widespread disorder.
1963 (March) Ba’ath Party to power in Syria following coup d’etat.
1964 The Palestine Liberation Organization founded by Egypt.
1967 (June)  Six  Day  War.  Arab  armies  defeated,  Israel  occupies
Palestinian, Syrian and Egyptian territory.
1968 (January) Fatah, the Palestinian resistance movement led by Yasser
Arafat formed.
(July) Ba’ath Party coup in Iraq.
1970 (September)  President  Nasser  dies  and  Anwar  Sadat  becomes
president.
(September) Civil war in Jordan as Palestinian resistance forces and
Jordanian armed forces clash.
(November) Hafez al-Assad becomes President of Syria.
1973 (October)  Yom  Kippur  war  brings  Egyptian  and  Syrian  troops
into confrontation with Israel. Israel defeats the Arab armies once
more.
1974 (March) Autonomy foisted on Iraqi Kurds by Saddam Hussein.
1975 (April) Outbreak of the Lebanese civil war.
1976 (January) Syrian army enters Lebanese arena.
1977 (November) President Sadat of Egypt pays historic visit to Jerusalem.
1978 (March) Israeli forces invade Lebanon.
(September) Israel and Egypt sign Camp David Peace Accords.
UN establishes multi-national peacekeeping force (UNIFIL) for South
Lebanon

.
1979 (January) Revolution in Iran. Shah is toppled and Ayatollah Khomeini
returns from exile.
1980 (September) Outbreak of the Iran–Iraq War.
1981 (October) President Sadat of Egypt assassinated by Islamic militants.
1982 (June) Israel invades Lebanon.
(September) Massacres in Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and
Shatilla in Lebanon by Phalangist allies of Israel.
1983 (May) Israeli–Lebanese Accords signed.
1984 (March) Israeli–Lebanese Accords abrogated.
1985 (January) Israel withdraws some troops from Lebanon.
1986 (April) US raid on Libyan capital of Tripoli.
1987 (December) The outbreak of the Palestinian uprising (Intifada).
1988 (March) Iraq uses chemical weapons on Iraqi Kurds at Halabja.
(July) King Hussein abrogates annexation of West Bank.
(August) Ceasefire agreed between Iran and Iraq.
1989 (October) Ta’if Peace Agreement brings civil war in Lebanon to an
end.
1990 (August) Saddam Hussein orders Iraqi troops to invade and occupy
Kuwait.
1991 (February)  Allied  Forces  successfully  end  Iraq’s  occupation  of
Kuwait. Outbreak of Kurdish and Shi’a Uprisings in Iraq.
(October) First multi-lateral peace conference on the Arab–Israeli
dispute held in Madrid.
1993 (September) Israel and the PLO sign the Oslo Accords establishing
Palestinian autonomy and agenda for final status negotiations.
1994 (August) Yasser Arafat returns to Gaza.
(October) Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty ending conflict.
1995 (November) Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin assassinated by Jewish
right-wing fanatic at a Peace rally in Tel Aviv.
1996 (March) Palestinian Islamists embark on a suicide bomb campaign
against Israel.
(June)  Israelis  elect  right-wing  Likud  leader  Binjamin  ‘Bibi’
Netanyahu as Prime Minister.
1999 (February) King Hussein of Jordan dies. His son Abdullah is crowned.
(June) Former Army general Ehud Barak elected in Israel as Prime
Minister on pro-peace process platform.
2000 (May) Israeli troops withdraw from South Lebanon and its local proxy
the South Lebanon Army collapses.
(June)  Hafez  al-Assad  of  Syria  dies.  His  son  Bashar  elected
Presidential successor.
(September) Following the visit by Israeli Likud leader to Temple
Mount  and  al-Aqsa  mosque  in  Jerusalem  Palestinian  protest  and
Israeli violence leads to a subsequent Israeli declaration of ‘time out’
from the peace process and the second Intifada is announced.
(October) Al-Qaeda attack on USS Cole moored in Yemeni waters.
2001 (September) al-Qaeda, led by Usama Bin Laden, launch attacks on
New York and Washington.
(October)  Allied  alliance  begins  military  operations  against
Afghanistan.
(November) Kabul falls.
(December) New interim administration led by Hamid Karzai takes
power.
2002 (April) Israel reoccupies West Bank and the government of Ariel
Sharon declares Yasser Arafat an ‘enemy of the state’.
(June) President George W. Bush recognizes that two states must form
solution to Palestinian–Israeli conflict.
(November) UNSCR 1441 passed against Iraq and weapons of mass
destruction.
2003 (March) War against Iraq launched by Allied forces led by the United
States of America.
(April) Baghdad falls and the regime of Saddam Hussein collapses.
(June) Leader of Algeria’s outlawed Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)
Abassi Madani and his deputy Ali Belhadj are freed after serving
twelve-year sentences.
(December) Saddam Hussein captured in Tikrit.
2004 (March) Suicide bomb kills 140 in Karbala and Baghdad
(April) Abdelaziz Bouteflika is elected to a second term as President
of Algeria in a landslide poll victory.
(September) UN Security Council resolution – aimed at Syria –
demands that foreign troops leave Lebanon. Syria dismisses the
move. Parliament extends pro-Syrian President Lahoud’s term by
three years. Rafiq Hariri resigns as Prime Minister.
(November) Yasser Arafat dies.
2005 (January) Mahmoud Abbas elected President of the Palestinian
National Authority. Elections in Iraq.
(February) Former Syrian Prime Minister Rafik Hariri assassinated
in Beirut.
(March) Hundreds of thousands of Lebanese attend pro- and antiSyrian rallies in Beirut.
(August) Israeli evacuation of the Gaza Strip.

2005 (September) In Algeria voters support reconciliation referendum
including an amnesty for many of those involved in post-1992
killings.
(December) Elections in Iraq.
2006 (January) Hamas wins majority of seats in Palestinian Legislative
Council and form government. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon
collapses and falls into a coma. Ehud Olmert appointed to replace
him.
(July) Israel attacks Lebanon following Hizballah raid on Israeli
soldiers.
(November) Ministers from Hizballah and the Amal movement
in Lebanon resign shortly before the cabinet approves draft UN
plans for a tribunal to try suspects in the killing of former Prime
Minister Hariri.
(December) Saddam Hussein executed in Iraq. Hundreds of thousands of opposition supporters demonstrate in Beirut to demand the
resignation of the government led by Fouad Siniora.
2007 (January) US government announces new strategy for Iraq.
(February) Mecca Declaration ends inter-factional fighting and
leads to formation of Palestinian government of national unity.
Suicide bomb in Baghdad kills more than 130 people. Fighting
between Hamas and Fatah in Ramallah and Gaza.

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